A: They germinate fairly easily in 2 – 4 weeks if you do a couple things. If overly pruned, it is slow to recover. Rainfall should be enough, except in times of severe drought. It also features fragrant, purple flower clusters, and seed pods in the spring. HORTICULTURE UNLIMITED IS NOT A NURSERY OR SUPPLIER. The fruit is a large, hard, woody, jointed, one- to eight-seeded legume pod. This video covers weeks 1-4 and transplanting. You will still see Texas mountain laurel referred to as S. secundiflora or C. secundiflora in some places. It prefers poor, rocky soil, but is tolerant of any well-draine… ... is a horticulturalist and director of the Urban Water Program for the Texas A&M Institute of Renewable Natural Resources. It is a slow grower, but well worth the wait. Young trees benefit from afternoon shade in hot climates. We are staffed and ready to serve you with all your landscape installations, landscape maintenance, arborist issues and irrigation repair needs! My mountain laurel has bloomed and it is covered in seed pods. Collect the seeds in mid- to late summer when the pods have dried and darkened and the seeds are bright red, although it is all right to leave the seed pods on the tree over winter, harvesting and planting the next spring when the soil is warm. Image of xeric, drought, poisonous - 74841284 At the first sight of caterpillars (when they are still small), use a foliar spray of Bt – Bacillus thurengiensis. The normal way to start new plants is with seed. Place the seed pods in a paper bag for two to four weeks or until the seed … This is the story of how I discovered 3 easy ways to control Texas mountain laurel pests that can quickly destroy new, tender leaf growth. Poolside the blooms are out and gone long before you're splashing up a … Mescal bean pods at least 6500 years old have been found in west Texas and Mexican archeological digs at caves and rock shelters. Texas Mountain Laurel. By mid summer, the flowers fade and give rise to fuzzy, tan colored seed pods. Texas Mountain Laurels are slow growers with dark green, glossy, compound leaves and drooping clusters of purply-blue flowers. Calia secundiflora (formerly Sophora secundiflora). Q: What is the best way to plant Texas Mountain Laurel seed pods and how long do they take to germinate? In spring, it boasts a profusion of dense, pendulous clusters of extremely fragrant, purple-blue flowers. Butterfly species unknown. Indigenous to Texas, New Mexico and Mexico, this large shrub or small tree is evergreen, thornless, slow-growing and long-lived. But, as with any beautiful plant, there is a trade off. Germination of Texas Mountain Laurel (Sophora secundiflora) by Bob Harms The structure of the mountain laurel seed is illustrated above. Train Texas mountain laurel into a small tree by continually shearing low growing branches and elevating the crown during the growing season. Photo credit M. Thompson. It’s glossy, dark […] Transplant it in the spring or fall. It can be pruned to keep it shrub-like. Texas Mountain Laurel Seeds are highly poisonous if swallowed, so keep away from children and pets. But, as with any beautiful plant, there is a trade off. Texas Mountain Laurel, close up of seed pods. Texas mountain laurel is a tough evergreen shrub or small tree known for its attractive, fragrant flowers and extreme drought hardiness. These have a longer residual on the plant than Bt. The seeds inside the extremely hard shell contain an alkaloid known as cytisine or sophorine, which is highly poisonous if swallowed. Sophora secundiflora • Mature Height: 15′ • Mature Width: 8′ • Light Requirements: Full sun • Water Requirements: Deep infrequent water • Fertilizers: Dr Q’s Tree, Shrub & Vine Food, 16-8-4. Burnet County Texas. The amount of moisture and light will also increase germination time. Last year's seed pods. It is a species of a small tree or flowering shrub in the Fabaceae (pea) family. Unsheared Texas Mountain Laurels make excellent informal screens or hedges, but it can also serve as a lovely accent tree in a tight space. It also features fragrant, purple flower clusters, and seed pods in the spring. They are worth the wait! While the mountain Laurel is an easy-to-grow evergreen shrub, the seed sometimes won’t germinate while inside the pods.. Start the Seeds Indoors. A: They germinate fairly easily in 2 – 4 weeks if you do a couple things. your own Pins on Pinterest I live in arizona, if that matters. You can also harvest unripe seeds – when the seed shells are pinkish – in late June or early July. Web worms in spring and late summer would be the only other real mess that will need tending to, some years more than others. Mountain laurel seeds typically germinate readily and, once planted, the seeds tend to grow fairly slowly. This shrub can be grown as a small tree. Planting lighter color or contrasting color plants in front really accents the dark green, leathery foliage. It can be pruned to keep it shrub-like. The Mountain Laurel seed was a commodity that was much sought after by Native Americans. Sophora, Texas mountain laurel, mescal bean, coral bean, Frijollito Botanic Name Sophora secundiflora Plant Family Fabaceae Habitat Dry limestone soils of canyons Distribution Native to Texas, New Mexico, Mexico and the Southwest. The U. S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service describes Sophora secundiflora (Texas mountain-laurel) as averaging between 15-25 feet tall with … Remove the red seeds from the pods and scratch the surface with heavy sandpaper or a file. The pest is the genista caterpillar When I lived in the high altitudes of Las Cruces, New Mexico, I grew a few Texas mountain laurel ( Sophora secundiflora ) … Staff is eligible to use their available paid sick time for any such occurrence of illness. It is highly drought tolerant after getting established for a year or two and is cold tolerant to about 10°F. Texas Mountain Laurels are not bothered by many pests; however, the Genista moth larvae can decimate the foliage on a full-grown tree in a few days. Collect seeds from the ground below Mountain Laurel plants or harvest from mature pods. Collect a few of the pods because they won’t all successfully germinate. Description This evergreen shrub grows slowly, in time becoming treelike with multiple trunks. As long as you live in the right climate, growing Texas mountain laurels is very easy and rewarding. The seed views labled 'A' represent the typical mature seed. Excellent as desert screen, accent or specimen. Texas mountain laurel likes rocky soils, but it will tolerate planting in or near turf, as long as the soil is deep and drains well. Each flower develops into a seed capsule. Drill sufficiently to penetrate the meat of the seed – about 1-2 millimeter. The lacquer-like orange, red, or even maroon seed shells are beautiful and were prized by Native Americans for decorating clothing and ceremonial uses. This hard as nails, extremely drought tolerant Texas native (can survive on a partly 14 inches of annual rain) will grace any landscape with its presence. A: No, it won’t hurt the plant at all. While it can reach 30’ tall if given lots of water, it usually holds in the more manageable and desirable 10’ to 15’ range and gets about 10’ wide. Texas Mountain Laurel (Sophora secundiflora) Description: Cultivated evergreen shrub or small tree. Plant in full sun to part shade and in well-drained soils. Use seed trays or pots for seed germination. While it can reach 30’ tall if given lots of water, it usually holds in the more manageable and desirable 10’ to 15’ range and gets about 10’ wide. Texas Mountain Laurel, Sophora secundiflora Texas Mountain Laurel, (Sophora secundiflora) originally found in the Hill Country of Texas, is a small tree with evergreen, compound leaves that bears beautiful lavender-amethyst colored clusters of pea-like flowers smelling of "grape Koolaid" with bright red seeds in a semi-woody pod. Otherwise, Texas Mountain Laurel is not susceptible to pests or disease. your own Pins on Pinterest In spring, it boasts a profusion of dense, pendulous clusters of extremely fragrant, purple-blue flowers. Its shiny, deep red berries are encased in black seed pods and are very poisonous so Texas mountain laurel should never be grown where children play, and the berries should be raked up after they fall. Whether you want a grape-y sensory flight back to childhood, a beautiful flowering shrub or small tree in your landscape, or a connection with Native American rituals and lifestyles – consider adding a Texas Mountain Laurel (Sophora secudiflora) to your landscape! The second in my series about growing Texas Mountain Laurel (Sophora secundiflora). Problems: Small worms eat vigorous shoots. Mountain laurel seed propagation requires conditions that match the wild ones in which the seeds will germinate. I want to plant texas mountain laurel seeds in a pot and then move it outdoors? The bloom clusters can be 3″ to 7″ long, appearing in February into March, and are very showy, but they are poisonous if ingested. Texas Native Plants Database Mountain Laurel, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Mountain Laurel, Mountain Laurel, Mescalbean The Virtual Museum of Texas’ Cultural Heritage (a branch of The University of Texas at Austin, College of Liberal Arts). I found a few seed pods of texas mountain laurels. Discover (and save!) Seeds and flowers can be poisonous to children and pets. Glossy dark leaves up to 5 inches long are divided into seven to nine 1-inch rounded leaflets. The leaves are alternate with seven to 13 leaflets. Texas Mountain Laurel Care. Type: Tree Saved by Lorna Ginette Harrison. However, butterflies, bees, and other pollinators love their nectar! Evidence has been found in some areas of the use of mescal beans as medicine or in narcotic drinks as part of religious rituals, as well as religious societies formed around these rituals. We want to let all of our customers know that we have precautionary measures in place to ensure the safety and wellness of our customers and employees! Press the s… Marble Falls, TX . Texas mountain laurel (Sophora secundiflora) If you’ve recently caught a whiff of something grape-flavored (mmmmm…) while walking your dog, riding your bike, or taking your mail to the box, you smelled Texas mountain laurel. These flowers eventually give way to thick seed pods containing bright orange seeds that, while beautiful, are very poisonous and should be kept away from children and pets. Wouldn’t you like that luscious scent in your garden? Texas Mountain Laurel Dermatophyllum secundiflorum. Noted for its remarkable flowers and seed pods, Sophora secundiflora (Texas Mountain Laurel) is a slow-growing, evergreen shrub of narrow upright habit, that can be trained into a single or multi-trunk small tree. Photo credit M. Thompson. This tree thrives in rocky, limestone soil but does not grow well in compacted soil. Slow growing shrub or small tree to 15 x 8 feet. Lovely as they are, the flowers of Texas mountain laurel are toxic to humans and animals, as are the plant’s seed pods and leaves. It prefers poor, rocky soil, but is tolerant of any well-drained soil. Frequent & thorough hand washing by all staff. Cultivated evergreen shrub or small tree. Note: previously classified as Sophora secundiflora. And, after the magnificent flowers bloom in spring, the pods come and in late summer they pop revealing bright red, poisonous beans. The second in my series about growing Texas Mountain Laurel (Sophora secundiflora). Thread in the Texas Gardening forum forum by blueeyes: Hi all, I have some texas mountain laurel seeds I'd like to try planting, ... A good grip of the seed with some pliers and holding it against the moving wheel works wonderfully and quickly. Placement and maintenance of this shrub should take into account the risk A fine silvery fuzz covers the woody, swollen seed pods, which … 1. After bloom, the plant develops five chambered, globe-shaped capsules. Q: What is the best way to plant Texas Mountain Laurel seed pods and how long do they take to germinate? Red bugs eating mountain laurel seed pods and sap. Texas Mountain Laurel. The seeds are large, 3/8" to 1/2" diameter and dark orange in color. Im gonna plant them, but i wanna know how. Im gonna plant them, but i wanna know how. My mountain laurel has bloomed and it is covered in seed pods. Zone 9a/9b, late winter/early spring, mid-late February, in the rain. Any staff with remote work capabilities are working from home. Small Texas Mountain Laurel in pot; first year to bloom. Water established plants every week in the summer, every 2-3 weeks in the spring and once a month in the fall and winter. The fruit of Texas Mountain Laurel appears in a semi-woody, felty, gray pod which ages to dark brown when the seeds are ready to be planted. The Texas Mountain Laurel is a drought-tolerant evergreen shrub with dark, shiny leaves and large drooping clusters of purple flowers that smell oddly like grape bubblegum. Discover (and save!) I did some canna seeds and got 100% germination. Blooms February-April; inch-wide violet blue flowers are grouped together in 4-8 inch clusters. We offer online meetings for your comfort. Commonly grown as an ornamental Laurel can be something of a mess but can be clipped periodically to control the mess. Then, water every 4-7 days for the first year. *Our plant guide provides informational resources regarding plants that we commonly use. If you want to attempt a head start, cuttings from young trees may root as well. Cut several seed pods off a mature mountain laurel plant using a pair of pruning shears to snip through the stem. Noted for its remarkable flowers and seed pods, Sophora secundiflora (Texas Mountain Laurel) is a slow-growing, evergreen shrub of narrow upright habit, that can be trained into a single or multi-trunk small tree. Clip the seedpods off before they mature if you have children or pets who might try to eat the poisonous seeds. It is related to nicotine and is a narcotic and hallucinogen. If you’d like to learn more about growing Texas mountain laurels in the landscape, the following article can help get you started. Therefore during this discussion, I will follow the example set by Merrill (1977) and refer to the seed as a mescalbean, but I will refer to the tree as a mountain laurel. Texas mountain laurel Treesearch Farms. Seedlings grow slowly for the first two years, so don’t be in a rush! Type: Shrub. The thick seed pods contain poisonous orange-red seeds, but the pods are extremely hard and difficult to break open. Texas Mountain Laurel is a native evergreen shrub that can be trained as a multi-trunked small tree. Q: The seed pods on the mountain laurel are so ugly.Does it matter if we cut them off? The seed pods on an old Mt. Heres my biggest concern: do i crack the pod open to get the little orange seed out or plant it with the pod? Grow Texas mountain laurel in full sun or partial shade in neutral to alkaline, well-drained soil. Clusters of fragrant violet-blue flowers in spring. A closeup of a Texas Mountain Laurel with white blooms. A small Texas Mountain Laurel tree shows off its natural form and dense clusters of purple, fragrant spring flowers. They ARE NOT eating any leaves. Growing 15 to 20 feet tall and 10 to 12 feet wide, this slow-growing tree requires little maintenance in favorable growing conditions. One pest to be concerned about is the. Tips, tricks and background on growing Texas Mountain Laurel (Sophora secundiflora) from seed. We’d also love to enjoy a full canopy of ANSWER: Texas Mountain Laurel Sophora secundiflora (Texas mountain laurel) is a popular native evergreen because of its dark green foliage and spectacular purple flowers, but it is generally considered to be toxic, particularly the brilliant red seeds. It is not usual for the pods to open and release the seed. Flowers range from dark violet to bluish-lavender to, rarely, white and waft a powerful, sweet, grape fragrance over considerable distances. The seeds – called mescal beans – are a pretty orange-red color and are sometimes used as necklace beads. Hardiness: 5°F. Click for a hub of Extension resources related to the current COVID-19 situation. A beloved ornamental shrub since Colonial times, mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia) bears clusters of showy, pink blossoms each summer. I have harvested Texas mountain laurel pods and extracted the seeds from the pods. Austin Native Landscaping: “If there is one Texas native, small growing, flowering tree you can’t go wrong with, it’s of course a Texas Mountain Laurel. The flowers are purple and strongly fragrant. Comments: Excellent drought-tolerant specimen. The colorful seed shells have been found used as decoration on cloth remnants, while seeds were found in trash deposits and in medicine and/or hunters’ pouches. These include site, temperature, soil and moisture. Blooms February-April; inch-wide violet blue flowers are grouped together in 4-8 inch clusters. Do you remember grape-flavored Kool-Aid or grape lollipops? Growing mountain laurel from seed starts with harvest and acquisition. It is essential to cover both the upper and lower sides of all the leaves. Drill a hole through the eye (attachment points) of each seed toward the center using a dremel, fordum, or other power drill. Texas Mountain Laurel taken by me on March 10, 2001 near Hondo Texas. Older Texas Mountain Laurels don’t take transplanting well – they develop a long taproot that often gets cut. Heres my biggest concern: do i crack the pod open to get the little orange seed out or plant it with the pod? The risk is limited as the seed pod and seed coat are very hard and difficult to crack. Texas Mountain Laurel has a slow growth rate. Outstanding spring blooms. The pods are oozing some kind of sap and there are small red bugs (I think they have wings) apparently eating the sap but also eating the seed pods. Plant these seeds immediately and they should sprout quickly. The Texas mountain laurel will bring the pollinators to your garden as the bees love the flowers. I found a few seed pods of texas mountain laurels. You will love it! Even in winter this plant's a beauty, bringing deep green color to dull garden days. B.R., Temple. ... You can cut off the seed pods to protect children and pets. Give full sun, any well drained soil, deep infrequent water. Come early April, with those purple blossoms long gone, the mountain laurel is on its way to producing seeds for the following year. Don’t become alarmed by all of the noise you may hear around these small trees. Pinterest. Dangers of Mountain Laurel Plants. If you are also looking for a small, native tree or large bush to bring to your garden this spring, give the fragrant native Texas Mountain Laurel, Sophora secundiflora, a try! The flowers give way to large seed pods filled with bright red seeds. Firewise: Yes Silvery gray, woody, 1-8 inch long seed pods open on ripening to show bright red one-half inch seeds. One or two will probably germinate within a year. Texas native, showy or fragrant flower, attractive seeds or fruit: Features: Drooping clusters of purple flowers; velvety seed pods. If you want to grow your own mountain laurel from seed, you need to collect the seeds when the flowers fade. If you discover your tree is not blooming come spring, it is likely the flower spikes were pruned off. A typical mature size is 15 feet high and 10 feet wide. THE BASICS. Sun: Full sun. Now, I’m off to find a grape lollipop…. Fruit pods from the mountain laurel and mescalbeans are ubiquitous throughout the dry archeological deposits of the Lower Pecos Canyonlands (Dering 1979; Irving 1966). Then shake the bag to allow seeds to fall into the bottom of the bag. These plants produce cup-shaped flowers in the spring and summer and propagate via pods containing between 300 and 700 seeds each. It’s an excellent screening or accent tree. Remove the red seeds from the pods and scratch the surface with heavy sandpaper or a file. Grows to 25 feet high, with smooth bark, its dark green oval leaflets are 1-2 inches long. It is also known as Mescal Bean, but it is not related to mescal, which is derived from particular agave plants and is the basis for tequila. It’s fine to cut off the ugly seed pods on mountain laurel trees. The seeds are characteristic red/orange/maroon. Cut pods and place them in a paper bag to harden further. Also known as mescal bean, this small, slow-growing tree is drought tolerant and thrives in rocky, limestone soils. Even in years of extreme drought, they survive when other natives have died. If you want to grow your own mountain laurel from seed, you need to collect the seeds when the flowers fade. Texas mountain laurel (Sophora secundiflora) If you’ve recently caught a whiff of something grape-flavored (mmmmm…) while walking your dog, riding your bike, or taking your mail to the box, you smelled Texas mountain laurel. It’s glossy, dark […] Views B and C show cross sections by cutting following the lines across the seed to their left. This native shrub/small tree is an evergreen that is extremely drought tough. Increase the germination rate by nicking the seed coat with a nail file and then soak the seed in water for a day. The seed pods on an old Mt. From: Universal City Question: How much can I prune a 10-year-old mountain laurel to re-shape it and when? It is native to central Texas, running west to New Mexico and south to central Mexico. Photo about Seed pods of the Texas Mountain Laurel, a drought tolerant native plant of the Southwest suitable for use in low water landscaping. MESCAL BEAN (Saphora secundiflora), also called red bean or coralillo, is a shrub or small tree with silvery pods containing up to six or seven red beans or seeds. Height at maturity: 10-20 feet tall; 8 to 12 feet wide The pods usually contain one large seed though sometimes there are two. Texas Mountain laurel (Dermatophyllum secundiflorum) has other names also such as Texas mescalbean, frijolillo, and frijolito. Sophora secundiflora (Texas Mountain Laurel) Tree. It is a member of the legume family. Archeological occurrence. You can separate the seeds from the pod and store in a cool, dry place. In the meantime, though, this year’s seed pods will have matured, perhaps even falling to the ground. In the meantime, though, this year’s seed pods will have matured, perhaps even falling to the ground. I live in arizona, if that matters. Landscape Use Texas Mountain Laurel can be utilized as a small tree for tight spaces such as entry courtyards. Newly planted Texas mountain laurel needs watering every 3-4 days for the first few weeks. Sophora secundiflora (Texas Mountain Laurel) Tree. Although it can survive on annual rainfall, supplemental irrigation is usually required in central and southern Arizona. A beloved ornamental shrub since Colonial times, mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia) bears clusters of showy, pink blossoms each summer. Insecticides containing Spinosad formulations are useful for larger caterpillars or heavy infestations and some formulations are registered as organic. Supervisory staff is secondarily monitoring all workers for signs of illness and are sending home anyone who displays symptoms of illness prior to their entrance to our facility. Poolside the blooms are out and gone long before you're splashing up a storm. copyright © 2021 Horticulture Unlimited, Inc. All rights reserved. Texas A&M Veterinary Medical Diagnostics Laboratory, Texas A&M College of Agrculture and Life Sciences, Denton County Master Gardener Association, DCMGA Logo Clothing and Replacement Badges, Logos and Public Communications Requirements. Description Description. Germination of Texas Mountain Laurel (Sophora secundiflora) by Bob Harms The structure of the mountain laurel seed is illustrated above. Feb 8, 2013 - This Pin was discovered by Cat. Even in winter this plant's a beauty, bringing deep green color to dull garden days. This video covers weeks 1-4 and transplanting. Deer steer clear of Texas Mountain Laurel. Dangers of Mountain Laurel Plants. Archeological occurrence. Texas mountain laurel has high drought tolerance w… Mountain Laurel. This tree is native to the southwestern United States (New Mexico, Texas… Texas Mountain Laurel is a native evergreen shrub that can be trained as a multi-trunked small tree. Sophora secundiflora. Native to: Chihuahuan Desert. Horticulture Unlimited is here to help you. Seeds are toxic. We are staying updated on all recent developments and our primary concerns is to our clients and staff. You will see that the seed pods are gathered in clumps on individual stems. Cleaning & sanitizing of commonly touched areas of our facility on a daily (or more frequent) basis. The pods are oozing some kind of sap and there are small red bugs (I think they have wings) apparently eating the sap but also eating the seed pods. Texas mountain laurel is not normally susceptible to disease. Therefore during this discussion, I will follow the example set by Merrill (1977) and refer to the seed as a mescalbean, but I will refer to the tree as a mountain laurel. Space Texas mountain laurel saplings 10 to 12 feet apart, and water regularly during the first year so that the soil is constantly moist but never sodden. At a Glance Summary. A good mix of potting soil and garden sand will give an ideal medium. This shrub can be grown as a small tree. Also known as mescal bean, this small, slow-growing tree is drought tolerant and thrives in rocky, limestone soils. 1. Grows to 25 feet high, with smooth bark, its dark green oval leaflets are 1-2 inches long. All staff members are currently wearing face masks while in trucks, in the office, and on our property. B.R., Temple. Remove and dispose of seed pods. We have regular staff meetings, all with the above safety measures in place, to continue working together as a team to ensure your safety and ours. Showy clusters of purple wisteria-like flowers perfume the air in the spring, and smell like grape soda. Asked April 11, 2016, 2:27 PM EDT. We obtain necessary materials for installation purposes only, and recommend consulting a nursery or supplier for direct purchasing needs. Remember, this tree is native to drier regions, so after it’s established – the first year or two – don’t overwater it. Texas Mountain Laurel’s naturally shrubby form can be trained into a tree by removing the lower branches. 2. You will see that the seed pods are gathered in clumps on individual stems. It does best when planted in full sun locations and given deep, regular irrigations. Large clusters of showy purple flowers hang heavy on the plant in March and April, filling the air with the fragrance of grape soda. Mescal bean is a woody evergreen shrub less than 10 feet tall or, in limited areas, a tree growing up to 35 feet tall. Feb 8, 2013 - This Pin was discovered by Cat. When is the best time and best method to … Planting Seeds.. Texas mountain laurel seed pod. In the spring, Texas Mountain Laurel produces bright purple, drooping clusters of fragrant flowers. Tips, tricks and background on growing Texas Mountain Laurel (Sophora secundiflora) from seed. If conditions are right, rain will soften the pods, leaving the bright red seeds to either sprout or remain in the soil beneath the tree to germinate later on. They form quickly in the spring right after the current year’s flowers finish – odd-looking knobby growths – so be watchful in your pruning. It is highly drought tolerant after getting established for a year or two and is cold tolerant to about 10°F. Purchase a 15-gallon specimen from a nursery to enjoy its immediate beauty. Laurel can be something of a mess but can be clipped periodically to control the mess. If you want a Texas mountain laurel in a specific spot, obtain and plant about five seeds at the location about one inch deep. Be careful to not disturb the root ball if you transplant one. Any staff showing signs or symptoms of illness are being advised to stay home. SKU: 854bad180b83 Categories: Desert Accents, Plants Tags: evergreen, fragrant violet-blue flowers, Shrubs. Keep away from children and pets to be safe! Use of hand sanitizer whenever it is available. Glossy dark green compound leaves provide a lush look for desert gardens. A small tree for tight spaces such as Texas mescalbean, frijolillo and. My mountain laurel ( Sophora secundiflora ) hub of Extension resources related to the ground below mountain laurel can trained... 6 ’ distance to protect children and pets like that luscious scent in your garden full to..., compound leaves and drooping clusters of extremely fragrant, purple flower clusters and. Up of seed pods are extremely hard shell contain an alkaloid known as cytisine or sophorine, which Texas! 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