29 SEPTEMBER 2009 SAMOA TSUNAMI A. Annunziato1, G. Franchello1, E. Ulutas2, T. De Groeve1 1 – Joint Research Centre, European Commission 2 – University of Kocaeli, Turkey The mission of the JRC-IPSC is to provide [11], The water system was also damaged in the earthquake, and the supply of fresh water to eastern parts of American Samoa has been disrupted due to broken water lines. Luckily, many of the residents were able to evacuate to higher places during the first and second smaller waves. Relief workers in American Samoa and Samoa searched for survivors on Thursday after a series of tsunamis smashed into the tiny Pacific islands, … The tsunami also reached American Samoa, Samoa, Wallis and Futuna, , United States. [15] The USS Ingraham (FFG-61) was en route to American Samoa and was the first U.S. military asset to arrive and assist in the recovery efforts. September 2009 um 17:48:10 Uhr UTC (6:48:10 Uhr Ortszeit). [11], U.S. President Barack Obama declared a major disaster for its dependent territory, American Samoa, allowing federal funds to be used for rescues, life support, and public health and safety measures. According to the June 20 U.S. Drought Monitor, moderate to extreme drought covers 7.0% of the contiguous U.S. The island is isolated with a population of around 1,000 people. A tsunami is a series of waves, not just a single wave. And the tsunami struck exactly when Samoa was already facing the full force of the global economic crisis. The New Zealand helicopter carrying ship HMNZS Canterbury was sent to Samoa (also offloading aid and personnel in Tonga). [dead link][12] Tulafono was monitoring events in American Samoa, but was having difficulties reaching the territory because of communications failures. [16][17], Samoa evacuated people from the entire city of Apia, the country's capital city on the island of Upolu and moving thousands of residents to higher ground. [8], The Los Angeles Times, quoting a source at the National Park of American Samoa, reported that "four tsunami waves, 15 to 20 ft (4.6 to 6 m) high", and "reaching up to a mile (1.6 km) inland" hit American Samoa shortly after the earthquake. [47] The alert for the Marquesas Islands was extended 2:50 pm until the threat had passed. [9] The water flowed inland about 100 yd (100 m) before receding, leaving some cars stuck in the mud. These included EERI member and dation. United States Geological Survey. This is an extremely rare event, known as a “doublet.”. The Government of Samoa estimates the damage at US$147.25 million. Large waves with no major damage were reported on the coasts of Fiji, the northern coast of New Zealand[7] and Rarotonga in the Cook Islands. [31] Samoan officials confirmed the runway at Faleolo International Airport on Upolu was safe by early afternoon (30 September 2009). Samoa Earthquake and Tsunami of September 29, 2009 Multiple reconnaissance teams traveled to Samoa in October and November 2009, and contributed to the preparation of this report. [57], Other aid came from concerned individuals and groups throughout the world, namely New Zealand, Australia, the United States and Canada. In Lepa, only the church and the village's welcome sign remained standing following the tsunami. [34], On 2 October 2009, an estimated 3000 people were homeless and seeking refuge in shelters set up around the worst-affected villages. [47], In the Marquesas Islands, some bays were nearly emptied of their water before a wave crashed back in and refilled the area. Lack of infrastructure. [74], A tsunami advisory was issued for coastal California and the San Francisco Bay Area beginning at 9:00 pm local time as a precaution.[75][76]. REUTERS/Tim Wimborne [72] Officials in the Cook Islands, which hosted the 2009 Pacific Mini Games, noted that the tsunami passed without any damage to the country. An RNZAF C-130 Hercules with medical staff and supplies, makeshift morgues, stretchers, tents and food was sent on the 30th. Both resorts published tsunami updates on their websites. The cargo and passenger ship Aranui 3, which had been docked in Taiohae Bay on Nuku Hiva in the Marquesas, the area most impacted by a small tsunami wave, immediately evacuated the bay for open water. NCEI is the global data and information service for tsunamis. [37], The main impact in Tonga was in the northern part of the island kingdom where there were deaths, injuries and extensive damage[38] on Niuatoputapu, a flat coral island[39] 500 km north of the main island Tongatapu, and reportedly closest to the epicentre of the earthquake. References & Resources Foley, M. (2009, September 30). The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami took place on 29 September 2009 in the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone.The submarine earthquake occurred in an extensional environment and had a moment magnitude of 8.1 and a … US Navy 091001-F-3798Y-093 A boat is aground Thursday, Oct. 1, 2009 in Pago Pago, American Samoa after a tsunami struck the island Sept. 29, 2009 and carried it away from the harbor.jpg 1,000 × … There were no reports of high waves from Vanuatu, Kiribati, New Caledonia and the Solomon Islands. 1 doctor, 2 nurses and one logistics expert, all members of our emergency medical staff will carry a total of 600 kg [sic] of medical material that will be dispatched locally by the FRANZ authorities. The first earthquake measured 8.1 on the Richter Scale, the second two earthquakes measured 7.8 on the Richter Scale. These were distributed within the islands by RNZAF Bell UH-1H helicopters. The US Army Corps of Engineers, Army Geospatial Center, prepared an emergency webpage for geological, hydrological and trafficability information for relief engineering and humanitarian aid. [45] Three people are missing and four sustained serious injuries. [47] The first tsunami wave at 11:10 am measured 25 cm (10 in), while the second recorded wave was measured at 35 cm (14 in) at 11:23 am[47] The waves gradually increased in size, with the fifth, and last wave, being recorded at 70 cm (28 in) tall at 12:03 pm. Het was de grootste en zwaarste aardbeving van 2009. A large tsunami was induced due to an M8.3 earthquake generated in a subduction zone off Samoa Islands in the South Pacific Ocean, at 6:48 on 29 September 2009 (local time). El terremoto de Samoa de 2009 fue un sismo de magnitud 8,3 en la escala Richter que afectó el archipiélago de Samoa a las 06:48:11 hora local del 29 de septiembre de 2009 (17:48:11 UTC). On 29 September 2009, Samoa was hit by a devastating tsunami. [11] The water division of the American Samoa Power Authority (ASPA) announced that it will bring water in tanker trucks to affected villages. "[18], Twenty villages on Upolu south side were reportedly destroyed, including Lepa, the home of Samoa's Prime Minister[19] Tuilaepa Lupesoliai Sailele Malielegaoi. Reference: Kong, L., P. Dunbar, and N. Arcos (2015). [ NOAA ] On an idyllic Monday night in 2009, the palm-lined coasts of the American Samoa, Samoa, and Tonga Islands looked peaceful and serene. Also, visit NCEI’s Natural Hazards website for more earthquake and tsunami data, images, and educational materials. At least 77 people were reported dead in … [46], French Polynesia escaped much of the damage inflicted against other Polynesian countries and territories by the earthquake. Lieutenant Governor Ipulasi Aitofele Sunia announced that the earthquake had caused severe damage to American Samoa's electrical infrastructure. Though this tsunami was not a Pacific-wide hazard, it was very destructive near the earthquake and killed 192 people in Samoa, American Samoa, and Tonga. Global historical tsunami data, including more information about the Samoa Islands 2009 earthquake and tsunami, are available via interactive maps and a variety of web services. This page was last edited on 23 July 2020, at 20:59. The monument is called the Healing Garden. The deadly 2009 tsunami was triggered by at least two separate earthquakes occurring within 2–3 minutes of each other near the Tonga Trench, one of the most seismically active areas in the world. A television sits at the water's edge at the tsunami destroyed village of Saleapaga on Samoa's southern coast October 2, 2009. The government had initially feared a wave of approximately 90 cm (35 in), with the ability to strike all parts of the sprawling territory. A further 7 RNZAF and 2 Royal Australian Air Force Hercules flights were made, and a RAAF C-17 Globemaster also provided airlift support to ferry relief supplies. [11] The Satala electrical plant may be out of service for a month or more until repairs can be made, with the American Samoa Power Authority (ASPA) stating that power will be out indefinitely. [23] Elsewhere there were reports of landslides near Solosolo and damage to plantations near Apia. September 29, 2009 Samoa Tsunami, Southwest Pacific Ocean The tsunami that was triggered by a magnitude 8.1 earthquake on September 29, 2009, caused significant damage and loss of life on Samoa, American Samoa, and Tonga. 2009年サモア沖地震(2009ねんサモアおきじしん)は、2009年 9月29日にサモア諸島で発生した地震である [3]。発生時刻はサモア時間午前6時48分(日本時間午前2時48分)、震源地はサモアの首都アピアの南沖190km、震源の深さ18km、モーメントマグニチュード(Mw)8.1 [4] [5] [6] [9] He told reporters that because of the tight knit communities and strong family bonds, "I don't think anybody is going to be spared this disaster. [14] Among the initial U.S. government response is a Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) logistics team and staff from the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Coast Guard, Federal Aviation Administration, and Department of Defense. Similar to American Samoa, knowledge of the threat and recognition of a tsunami’s natural warning signs saved many lives in Samoa. [10], Confirmed death tolls rose to 22 people, with many people still missing in the villages of Leone and Pago Pago. A mother at the Taufua Beach Fales in Lalomanu watched her three young children swept away by the tsunami. Both political leaders immediately returned to Samoa. Doordat de aardbeving plaatsvond op 33 km diepte, ontstond er een tsunami. "[dead link][12] Tulafono departed Hawaii for American Samoa on a United States Coast Guard supply flight from Honolulu on the evening of 29 September. [47], French High Commissioner Adolphe Colrat warned residents of the Marquesas to seek shelter at an elevation of at least 10 m (33 ft) above sea level. [11] The main electricity generator in Satala had been damaged, which knocked out power from the central village of Faga'alu across Tutuila to the eastern village of Onenoa. This tsunami was generated by an 8.1 magnitude earthquake near the Samoan Islands on September 29, 2009. With over $200 million dollars in damages, the islands were ravaged both physically and economically. Thanks to education and outreach efforts held over the summer and fall of 2009, many organizations and individuals knew the signs of an impending tsunami and had developed tsunami evacuation plans. [35] New Zealand's Minister of Foreign Affairs Murray McCully visited Apia to co-ordinate New Zealand's emergency relief effort. Since the 2009 tsunami, Samoa has taken many preparedness measures: Established a 24/7 National Earthquake and Tsunami Warning Center and built an Emergency Operations Center to support disasters, Upgraded its warning dissemination systems to include island-wide sirens and SMS to essential village and national representatives, churches, schools, NGOs, and the private sector. [36], The Samoa government and the people of Samoa held a national funeral at Apia Park for tsunami victims on 8 October 2009 (Samoa local time). Most large earthquakes occur in subduction zones, where one plate of Earth’s crust dives beneath another plate. [49], Following the 1st anniversary of February 2011 earthquake memorial in Christchurch, a memorial dedicated to the tsunami victims was erected in the village of Leone American Samoa on 25 February 2012. [9] Other media had earlier reported 10 people killed in Tonga. [47], Outside of the Marquesas, the threat of a tsunami largely passed without much incidence. According to the December 26 U.S. Drought Monitor, moderate to extreme drought covers 26.4% of the contiguous U.S. [58], A tsunami warning was initially issued for American Samoa, Samoa, Niue, Wallis and Futuna, Tokelau, the Cook Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Kiribati, the Kermadec Islands, Fiji, Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, New Zealand, French Polynesia, Palmyra Island, Vanuatu, Nauru, Marshall Islands, and Solomon Islands. The devastation extended beyond human casualties with houses destroyed, cars swept out to sea and some villages being virtually annihilated. An effective tsunami warning system relies on the free and open exchange and long-term management of global data and science products to mitigate, model, and forecast tsunamis. American Samoa Governor Togiola Tulafono was in Honolulu, Hawaii for an ocean policy conference at the time of the tsunami struck. In 2012, American Samoa received TsunamiReady recognition, from the NOAA National Weather Service. [11], A Radio New Zealand International correspondent reported that the center of Pago Pago, the largest city in American Samoa, had sustained heavy damage in the tsunami, with its main street flooded, cars overturned, and shoreline businesses damaged. On September 29, 2009, at 17:48 UTC (6:48 a.m. local time), a magnitude 8.1 earthquake struck midway between Samoa and American Samoa, a U.S. territory. A tsunami was generated which caused substantial damage and loss of life in Samoa, American Samoa, and Tonga. [46], The government appealed for clothing and bedding donations for residents in Niuatoputapu. Scores are killed as tsunami hits Samoa Islands. 5 | ReliefWeb", "Up to six NZers feared dead in tsunami – National – NZ Herald News", "Tonga Airports Limited – Airport Info > Niuatoputapu – Mata'aho Airport", "Teams arrive on Tonga's Niuatoputapu at epicentre", "The death toll on a remote Tongan island has risen to nine", "Teams reach Tongan victims – Samoa tsunami – NZ Herald News", "Service held in Tonga for tsunami victims", "Seven confirmed dead from tsunami in Tonga", "Papeete measures 5 small waves during tsunami red alert", "French Polynesia will help islands hit by tsunami", "Surfer survived Samoa tsunami by riding out the waves", "PM John Key to view Samoan damage | Stuff.co.nz", "Tsunami toll could have been worse: Samoan PM – ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)", "EC announces aid for Samoan tsunami victims – Foreign", "NZ Red Cross Aid Worker And Equipment to Samoa", "LDS Church continues Samoan relief efforts | Deseret News", "National Next of Kin Registry (NOKR) offers assistance", "ADRA NZ » Blog Archive » Samoa Disaster: ADRA Visits Villages, Meets Survivors", "Samoa appeal closes topping $3.5 millon", "Oxfam sets up rapid response emergency fund for Samoa", "Tsunami Claims Lives in Samoa, Warning Called Off for Most Countries in Region", "TSUNAMI BULLETIN NUMBER 001 – PACIFIC TSUNAMI WARNING CENTER/NOAA/NWS – ISSUED AT 1804Z SEP 29, 2009", "Quake, tsunami near American Samoa kills at least 22", "Highest tides expected near Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo as tsunami advisory prompts L.A. beach closures", "Earthquake List for Map of S Pacific Region", A family devastated by the tsunami – full interview, Tsunami stories of luck and sorrow at airport, Tsunami Animation: Samoan Islands, 29 September 2009, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2009_Samoa_earthquake_and_tsunami&oldid=969179663, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with dead external links from June 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from July 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Aid funds are also being organised by the. Also, basic needs and basic commodities, including electrical generators, medical supplies, and pharmaceutical drugs were sent out, and multiple planes are being prepared for more cargo and personnel, including FEMA, HHS, and Coast Guard staff and experts from the Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and Red Cross. [46] Earlier, a government plane sent to the island could not land due to tsunami damage at Niuatoputapu Airport, which had been forced to close. Le séisme de 2009 aux Samoa est un séisme intra-plaque[1] qui s'est produit le 29 septembre 2009 à 17 h 48 min UTC (6 h 48 min heure locale), à environ 200 km au sud-ouest d'Apia, la capitale de l'archipel des Samoa, avec une magnitude de 8[2], suivi d'un tsunami qui a touché les îles Samoa et Tonga. [34], There were no reports of any damage to Vavaʻu island group or to the main island of Tongatapu, where the capital, Nukuʻalofa, is. [44] 289 families lived in residences which escaped damage in the disaster. [11] Residents were warned to conserve and boil water until safe drinking water supplies can be restored, which could take some time. Xinhua, [New Zealand to provide 2.9 mln USD extra aid to Samoa New Zealand to provide 2.9 mln USD extra aid to Samoa], The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, "tvnz.co.nz-Search continues as death rises", "Samoa tsunami toll may exceed 100, hundreds injured", "Search for bodies continue, death toll rises in South Pacific | NATIONAL News", "Waves hit Tonga, damage but no casualties", "Tsunami toll expected to rise in Samoan islands", "American Samoa governor says tsunami death toll could rise", http://www.talanei.com/2017/04/07/commissioaing-date-for-satala-power-plant-may-25th/, "President Declares Major Disaster For Territory of American Samoa", "Federal Coordinating Officer Lands in American Samoa", "Hawaii Guard, Navy bound for American Samoa", "Ingraham Contributes to Navy's HADR mission", "At least seven dead after quake, tsunami hit Samoa", "Tsunami smashes Pacific islands, over 100 feared dead", "Searching ruins for reason to live after the tsunami", "Two Australians dead, grave fears for others as Samoan tsunami toll rises", "Residents flee tsunami after strong quake in Samoa", "Talofa Lava – Welcome to Sinalei Reef Resort & Spa", "Sa'Moana Resort, South Coast, Upolu Island", Quake triggers deadly tsunamis in Pacific, "Tsunami Sweeps Through Pago Pago;63 Dead", "Samoa's Prime Minister in grief as nation mourns", "Samoa: Samoa/Tonga: Tsunami OCHA Situation Report No. [40] A Tongan government spokesman Alfred Soakai said 90% of homes had been destroyed as well as serious damage to the hospital. 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